RESOURCE: Gender training pack for Ethiopian practitioners
CDKN has developed a pack of presentations and exercises for facilitators to use in training settings, to help climate and development professionals in Ethiopia to integrate gender perspectives into climate projects and programmes.
Specifically, the training aims to help participants:
- Understand internationally accepted and widely committed frameworks for gender equality in development and climate action; and to review key Ethiopian policies on women’s and girls’ rights and equality.
- Understand why gender and social inclusion are relevant to climate policies, programmes and activities.
- Learn how to think critically about gender and social inclusion issues throughout a typical programme / project cycle, from the design and consultation stages, through planning, budgeting, delivery and monitoring and evaluation.
- Appreciate how gender-responsive and socially-inclusive approaches increase the effectiveness and sustainability of climate action; and how gender-blind approaches undermine the effectiveness of climate action.
- Learn about tried, tested and recommended tools for identifying and addressing gender- and social inclusion-related concerns and be able to apply them, through guided group work and practice.
- Learn how to set outcomes, targets and indicators for gender-equitable, socially inclusive outcomes and how to develop budgets to ensure that activities achieve these outcomes.
- Learn from the experiences of other practitioners. As well as all providing best practice examples from CDKN and international sources, in of the training modules and exercises are designed so that participants share knowledge and experience with each other.
Who is the pack for?
The training pack is for:
Facilitators – people who will present the pack, or components of it, to others:
- Gender and social inclusion specialists who are looking for a wider range of tips, tactics, tools and exercises with which to raise the awareness, understanding and capacity of other colleagues to integrate gender and social inclusion in climate action.
- Climate and development professionals with some knowledge of and openness to gender and social inclusion issues, who can use the modules and references contained therein to deepen their own knowledge, and so gain the confidence to use the materials for training others.
Trainees – people who will benefit from trainings that use the materials in this pack:
- Climate and development professionals who are charged with designing, delivering (including budgeting for), monitoring, evaluating and adaptive programming of climate change resilience, adaptation and mitigation interventions. The materials in this pack have very broad applicability across these domains. Given the evidence that we present on the importance of gender-responsiveness and social inclusion in running effective climate projects and programmes, we assert that the approaches suggested in the training pack are not just for people with a formal mandate in these issues; the approaches are for everyone who is working on climate compatible development.
What is the make-up of the modules and what topics do they cover?
If desired, the facilitator may benefit from these very short introductory powerpoint slides, which summarise the contents of the full course and can be tailored to suit the circumstances.
Module 1: International and national frameworks
- Powerpoint slides: Gender in the international global policy frameworks (core content) incorporating optional slides, re group exercise on applying gender lens to the Sustainable Development Goals. For the facilitator.
- Participant handout: Gender in the international global frameworks: A guide to key texts.
- Participant handout: Gender related policies … in Ethiopia for distributing to each participant, either digitally or in hard copy, for reference during the module. Country teams may prepare their own country-specific versions, as needed.
Learning objective of module 1:
To learn about international and Ethiopian national policy frameworks that relate to climate action and women’s and girls’ empowerment:
- The Sustainable Development Goals
- The Sendai Agreement on Disaster Risk Reduction (climate-related disasters)
- The Paris Agreement on Climate Change
- Related framework from the Beijing Platform and Convention on the Status of Women
Relevant Ethiopian national policies.
Module 2: Why a gender approach is needed
- Powerpoint slides: Why a gender approach is needed. For the facilitator.
- Participant handout: Adaptation at Scale in Semi-Arid Regions (ASSAR) project handout, for use in the group exercise. For distributing, ideally in hard copy, either to every participant or at least, to every small group of participants that will form for the group-work.
- Case study publications to accompany the slides: Climate-smart agriculture takes off thanks to women-friendly tools and a gender-smart approach (Nepal); and Empowering women as climate-smart agriculture leaders proves key to resilience (rural India). May be distributed to participants to support discussion and learning.
- Facilitators’ handout: Gender and climate game facilitator’s instructions.
- Game-play card set: Not available online. Please obtain a hard copy of the game from the CRGE Facility! Each Gender and Climate Game Set comprises: Welcome card; Weather cards: normal year, drought year, flood year; Programme cards: gender-and socially-blind programming, and gender-smart programming; Characteristic cards: heavily pregnant, living with a disability, living with chronic lung disease.
Learning objective of module 2:
To learn about:
- How people are differently impacted by climate change
- Why gender matters and how to think about the intersection of gender and other forms of social inclusion or exclusion – and what it means for effective climate action
- How involving women in climate action includes all people’s skills and knowledge improves outcomes.
Module 3: Assessing people’s climate risks and resilience
- Powerpoint slides: Assessing people’s climate risks and resilience. For facilitators.
- Participant handout: Guidance on integrating gender equity and social inclusion in stakeholder consultation processes (adapted from ICLEI’s CapaCITIES project). For distribution to all participants as a handout, in digital or hard copy.
Learning objective of module 3:
- A conceptual overview of how we understand and measure people’s vulnerability, risks and resilience associated with climate change, with reference to gender and other forms of social diversity
- Introduction to resilience assessment tools.
Module 4: Assess options for and plan gender-responsive, socially-inclusive climate solutions
- Powerpoint slides: Assess options for and plan gender-responsive, socially-inclusive climate solutions. For facilitators.
- Participant handout: Prioritising resilience actions (ICLEI-ACCCRN resilience interventions options tool)
- Facilitators’ handout: Facilitator’s instructions for the Climate and Society game.
- Game-play card set: Climate and Society game sets. An introductory overview of the cards is available on this CDKN web page, however, a hard copy set for playing in person may be obtained from the CRGE Facility offices. Each set comprises: Title (welcome) card; Scenario card of the fictional Ethiopian town setting of the game; Character cards, including the Environment Officer Character who is the discussion leader of each small group.
Each group of participants gets a whole game-play card set in hard copy, and each group should be around seven people (so they each get a character card) or up to 12 people (so that some people can share a character card).
Learning objective of module 4:
- How to funnel the assessment of people’s climate-related development needs, risks and capacities into an assessment of possible solutions using complementary methods.
- Ideas for taking the range of solutions and mapping them to a project or programme plan that will deliver improved outcomes for women and girls, and for everyone.
Module 5: Commit equity responsive budget
- Powerpoint slides: Commit equity responsive budget. For facilitators.
- Case study publication to accompany the slides: Supporting climate action through gender-responsive budgeting in Nepal. May be distributed to participants to support discussion and learning.
Learning objective of module 5:
- Frameworks for allocating resources to achieve climate-smart gender-responsive objectives
- How you could apply these frameworks to your programmes and projects.
Module 6: Implement projects and programmes inclusively
- Powerpoint slides: Implement projects and programmes inclusively. For facilitators.
- Case study publication to accompany the slides: Rural Ethiopian women diversify livelihoods and boost entire communities’ resilience.
- Facilitator’s handout: GESI bingo game. Incorporates instructions for facilitators at the top, but the later pages should be printed and distributed to players as follows: the bingo cards (ie the pages where the players fill in the table with ‘what I am doing already’ or ‘what I could do’) and the game cards with ‘solutions’ (to be printed and cut out into rectangles and placed face down in a pile by each group of players).
Learning objective of module 6:
- Key operational measures that will ensure inclusivity of diverse people’s talents and needs in programme delivery
- Target- and indicator-driven operational measures (quantitative)
- Work and organisational culture issues (more qualitative)
- Why these things matter, and why it’s important to get them right.
Who developed the pack?
The pack was developed by staff of the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN). The Climate and Development Knowledge Network works to enhance the quality of life for the poorest and most vulnerable to climate change. We support decision-makers in developing countries in designing and delivering climate compatible development. We do this by supporting locally-owned and managed policy processes. We work in partnership with decision-makers in the public, private and non-governmental sectors nationally, regionally and globally.
Since 2018, CDKN has been led by South Africa-based organisation SouthSouthNorth (SSN), working closely with its partners Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano (FFLA) in Quito, Ecuador, ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, South Asia in Delhi, India, as well as the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) in London, United Kingdom.
The principal author of the training pack was Mairi Dupar, ODI, and with significant substantive contributions throughout by Bedoshruti Sadhukhan and Geeta Sandal (ICLEI South Asia) and Patricia Velasco (FFLA). Further elements of the pack, particularly the games, were based on concepts developed by Patricia Velasco and Camelia Sofiea (FFLA) and Janot Mendler de Suarez, a colleague at the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre; these colleagues have been credited for their specific intellectual property, in the relevant exercises.
The components of the training pack that pertain specifically to Ethiopian policies and programmes are authored by Medhin Mekonnen (GGGI/Government of Ethiopia Climate Resilience Green Economy Facility) and Arsema Andargatchew (SSN).
We would like to note that the current edition of the training pack, published here, was finalised between December 2020 and April 2021. We are committed to updating it throughout 2021 as policies and programmes are likewise updated; please send suggestions for content updates to firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com
We gratefully acknowledge that some of the thinking behind the project cycle approach came from Virginie Le Masson (ODI) and the United Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat’s gender integration materials. Elements of the pack benefited from the insights of Arsema Andargatchew, Suzanne Carter and Michelle du Toit (SSN) and Katharine Vincent (Kulima Integrated Development Solutions).
A range of donors supports CDKN’s work. Some of CDKN’s foundational work on gender in climate action was developed with the support of the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID) and Royal Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2010-2018. Since June 2018, our core funders have been the Royal Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada.