Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Rwanda is pursuing rapid economic growth, aiming to transform from a subsistence economy to a knowledge-based economy by 2020. However, in recent years the effects of climate change have led to environmental degradation, with a significant impact on resource-dependent rural communities. Rwanda is severely vulnerable to climate change and its vulnerability is set to increase between 2010 and 2030 (DARA; Climate Vulnerability Monitor, 2012). It is ranked 151st on the Human Development Index (UNDP; Human Development Index, 2014). Rwanda’s CO2 emissions are 0.1 tonnes per capita, while the global average is 4.9 tonnes per capita (World Bank; World Development Indicators: Energy dependency, efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions, 2010).
With the support of CDKN and the UK’s Department for International Development, Rwanda is now pursuing a green growth and climate resilience strategy.