Nepal is severely vulnerable to climate change and its vulnerability is set to increase between 2010 and 2030 (DARA; Climate Vulnerability Monitor, 2012). It is a predominantly rural society: 70% of the 27 million population rely on the agricultural sector as their primary source of income with recent temperature rises and reduction in winter rainfall affecting productivity. Its unique ecosystems, including the Himalayas, and its weak adaptive capacity, make it particularly vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters.
There has been some progress in mainstreaming climate change within development planning and policies but capacity and resource gaps has limited progress. CDKN aims to strengthen this process through the design and delivery of climate compatible plans and policies in key sectors such as agriculture, water and energy.