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Ghana is a tropical country bordered by Cote D’Ivoire, The Gulf of Guinea, Burkina Faso and Togo. It is acutely vulnerable to climate change and its vulnerability is set to increase between 2010 and 2030 (DARA; Climate Vulnerability Monitor, 2012). It is ranked 138th on the Human Development Index (UNDP; Human Development Index, 2014). Ghana’s CO2 emissions are 0.4 tonnes per capita, while the global average is 4.9 tonnes per capita (World Bank; World Development Indicators: Energy dependency, efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions, 2010).
Ghana has made good progress in its development targets set out in the Millennium Development Goals, and is pursuing its aim to become a middle-income country in the future. However, the impacts of rapid economic development have included widespread pesticide use, unsustainable farming practices and inadequate waste management. As a result, there have been severe impacts on the natural environment, including rapid depletion of forest cover, desertification and changing weather patterns. The Government of Ghana is committed to developing a climate-resilient economy and it approached CDKN and the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands to support the development of a National Climate Change Policy Framework for Ghana, which was completed in 2010.