North Africa

North Africa

The IPCC’s Sixth Assessment Report: What’s in it for North Africa?

This factsheet highlights:

  1. How North Africa’s climate is already changing
  2. North Africa’s future climate 
  3. Climate change impacts we have already seen in North Africa
  4. Future climate risks in North Africa 
  5. North Africa’s potential to adapt
  6. Key investment areas for a climate-resilient North Africa

Explore the factsheet, along with free-to-use images and infographics, below.

Constraints for the African continent that make it more difficult to plan and implement adaptation

The ability of southern African communities and sectors to pursue effective adaptation options to the full is constrained by lack of finance.

Severe heat stress duration for cattle in Africa with increased global warming

KEY: (A) Number of days per year with severe heat stress in the historical climate (1985–2014). (B and C) Increase in the number of days per year with severe heat stress for global warming of 1.5°C and 3.75°C above pre-industrial levels (1850–2100). Heat stress is estimated using a high Temperature Humidity Index value (Livestock Weather Safety Index).

Percentage change in GDP per capita in North African countries due to observed climate change (1991-2010)

In one estimate, African countries’ GDP per capita was on average 13.6% lower over the period 1991–2010, compared to if human induced climate change had not occurred.

Risk of biodiversity loss across Africa with increasing global warming

With every increment of global warming, the risk of biodiversity loss and species’ extinction increases across Africa.

Changes in global surface temperature

The Earth’s average surface temperature is expected to reach or surpass 1.5°C of warming above preindustrial times (1850–1900) in the near term (up to 2040), according to the IPCC’s most recent assessment.

Tipaza Roman ruins in Algeria

Image of Tipaza Roman ruins in Algeria


Courtesy of Sergey 73 via Shutterstock 

The River Nile running past Zamalek Island, Cairo, Egypt

Image of the Nile River running past Zamalek Island, Cario, Egypt 


Courtesy of Adrian Lindley via Shutterstock 

Women farmers growing vegetables in Sudan

Image of women farmers growing vegetables in Sudan 


Courtesy of Nicole Jawerth via Flikr 

School girls collecting water

Image of school girls collecting water


Courtesy of Ricardo Meyer via Shutterstock