Hydropower dams planned for eastern and southern Africa could put electricity supply at risk for vast regions because they rely on similar rainfall patterns for electricity generation—and so will suffer lack of water from droughts at the same time. This is the warning from new research led by Professor Declan Conway. [more...]
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country, bordered by Botswana, Zambia, Namibia, Mozambique and South Africa. It is severely vulnerable to climate change and its vulnerability is set to increase between 2010 and 2030 (DARA; Climate Vulnerability Monitor, 2012). It is ranked 156th on the Human Development Index (UNDP; Human Development Index, 2014). Zimbabwe’s CO2 emissions are 0.7 tonnes per capita, while the global average is 4.9 tonnes per capita (World Bank; World Development Indicators: Energy dependency, efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions, 2010).
A large proportion of its population is exposed to extreme poverty and hunger. About 70% of Zimbabweans live in rural areas, where they depend on natural resources for food and basic needs. This means that climate impacts, which include heavy rainfall and drought, environmental degradation and loss of biodiversity, also impact upon development. Research suggests that longer and more frequent droughts could substantially reduce crop yields – including maize – a staple crop in Zimbabwe. Given the varied nature of Zimbabwe’s biophysical characteristics, vulnerability to climate change is likely to vary significantly across the country.