REPORT: Community-Based Adaptation Costing: An integrated framework for the participatory costing of community-based adaptations to climate change in agriculture
Understanding the cost associated with climate change adaptation interventions in agriculture is important for mobilising institutional support and providing timely resources to improve resilience and adaptive capacities. Top-down national estimates of adaptation costs carry a risk of mismatching the availability of funds with what is actually required on the ground. Consequently, global and national policies require credible evidence from the local level, taking into account microeconomic dynamics and community-appropriate adaptation strategies. These bottom-up studies will improve adaptation planning (the how) and will also serve to inform and validate top-down assessments of the total costs of adaptation (the how much).
Participatory Social Return on Investment (PSROI) seeks to provide a pragmatic, local-level planning and costing framework suitable for replication by government and civil society organisations. The ‘PSROI Framework’ is designed around a participatory workshop for prioritising and planning community-based adaptation (CBA) strategies, followed by an analysis of the economic, social and environmental impacts of the priority measures using a novel cost-benefit analysis framework.
The PSROI framework has been applied in three separate pilot initiatives in Kochiel and Othidhe, Kenya, and Dodji, Senegal. This working paper, Community-Based Adaptation Costing: An integrated framework for the participatory costing of community-based adaptations to climate change in agriculture, seeks to outline the theoretical and methodological foundations of the PSROI framework, provide case-study results from each pilot study, and assess the strengths and weaknesses of the framework according to its robustness, effectiveness and scalability.
This project and publication has been produced as part of the SUMERNET research call for research on making climate change adaptation planning and costing for participatory social return on investment.
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The paper was also produced as in conjuncture with a CDKN-funded capacity building project, Building the future with climate change and development professionals: CDKN capacity building, which awarded a total of 14 Masters students financial assistance from CDKN for fieldwork and in turn also provided valuable work assistance to their host organisations.