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FEATURE: CDKN East Africa Climate Finance Workshop – Executive Summary

CDKN held a workshop on climate finance in East Africa at the Friendship Hotel, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia over 25-26 March 2013.

Purpose and objectives

The purpose of the workshop was to bring together 25-30 senior- and middle-level economic planners, investors, financiers and donors from Eastern Africa to learn and share best practices and to plan future activities related to climate finance. The objectives were to have better understanding of the role of climate finance and dedicated national instruments in the region, and to build a community of interest for more effective planning and implementation in the future.

Structure

The workshop consisted of eight sessions over one and a half days:

1) Landscape and key challenges of climate finance

2) Emerging experience in creating national climate finance institutions or funds in East Africa (Ethiopia, Rwanda, Kenya)

3) Climate finance information tools

4) Effectiveness in delivering climate finance at the country level

5) Climate finance readiness

6) Role of the private sector in East Africa

7) Donor/multilateral – national government cooperation

8) Conclusions and next steps

Participants

Country Name Organisation
RwandaAlex MulisaNational Climate and Environment Fund (FONERWA)
KenyaJoshua OpiyoMinistry of Planning
KenyaErastus WahomeMinistry of Finance
KenyaJohn NyangenaKenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA)
TanzaniaAdolphine KatekaUniversity of Dar Es Salaam
TanzaniaFaustin MagangaUniversity of Dar Es Salaam
UgandaTony MuhumuzaAdvocates Coalition for Development and Environment (ACODE)
UgandaGeorge SerunjogiMinistry of Finance
EthiopiaAto Dessalegn MesfinEnvironmental Protection Agency
EthiopiaZerihun GetuMinistry of Finance and Economic Development
EthiopiaAraya AsfawHorn of Africa Regional Environmental Centre
EthiopiaAsrat Yirgu Independent Consultant
EthiopiaSarah AssefaHope University, Addis Abeba
NamibiaLouise BrownWorld Resources Institute
GermanyLaura WuertenbergerGerman Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ)
EthiopiaAbabu AnageUNDP Ethiopia
EthiopiaKidanua AberaUNDP Ethiopia
EthiopiaErik LonnrothCDKN, PwC
South AfricaCarl WesselinkCDKN, SouthSouthNorth
KenyaTim Ash VieCDKN, PwC
KenyaPeterson OlumCDKN, PwC
UKSam GillickCDKN, LEAD International
UKAri HuhtalaCDKN, Overseas Development Institute
Ecuador/UKPippa HeylingsCDKN, Fundacion Futuro Latinoamericano
UKNeil BirdOverseas Development Institute (ODI)
EthiopiaAmbachew AdmassieCDKN Ethiopia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Outcomes

Sharing of information

Current state of climate finance

  • There has been action in the region around climate finance funding, including the development of national climate funds and experience in accessing international climate finance
  • There is a gap between what is required and what has been pledged
  • It is difficult to track what is climate finance and additional to other ODA
  • The collapse of carbon price has greatly affected the climate finance landscape

Effective use of/readiness for climate finance

  • There should be a:
    • Supportive policy environment
    • Institutional architecture that defines roles and responsibilities
    • Public financial system through which expenditures are channelled
    • Investment of national resources in building further readiness linked with additional external resources
  • Capacity is needed for:
    • Strategic planning
    • Strengthening national institutions, supporting direct access
    • Accessing international climate finance
    • Effective, efficient and transparent spending & implementation
    • Engaging the private sector

Sources of information

Peer learning from best practice

  • Lessons learned in East African countries
    • Funds available for climate actions are mostly loans whereas grants would be preferred, at least initially and particularly for adaptation investments.
    • Multilaterals can be attractive interim hosts for funds while national institutions build capacity and reputation.
    • Private sector engagement and consultation is important but their level of access to funds is up for debate.
    • Coordination between ministries is important for mainstreaming climate into finance and planning – Committees and Task Forces need to be supported by strong Secretariats.

Outlining needs

Role of donors

  • Supporting gaps in national budget
  • Providing grant and concessional climate finance to catalyse a shift in financial flows towards low emission and climate resilient options
  • Developing demand-driven programmes in genuine partnership with developing country institutions

Role of governments

  • Providing effective coordination and assurance that there is no duplication of efforts between externally funded programmes and projects
  • Setting up financial mechanisms to manage and apportion donor resources
  • Creating an attractive investment environment (taking on risk) for the private sector
  • Linking the voice of developing countries in international climate negotiations with externally supported climate action at the country level

Role of private sector

  • Responding quickly to opportunities
  • Supporting investment gap
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