FEATURE: Preparing to access and accessing the finance
Author: Trusha Reddy
Date: February 2013
This short paper gives a short display of climate finance in South Africa, where most financial flows are currently going toward climate mitigation. Further, it introduces national approaches taken in South Africa, in which it says that up to now the gender aspect has not been reflected. Following this the paper shortly considers, how women are being affected from climate change and what barriers they face when accessing climate finance. Finally, it contains “recommendations to make climate finance work for women”.
Why we recommend this:
The paper describes, via the example of South Africa, why and how climate mitigation and adaptation activities should take account of gender aspects. These recommendations can be important for climate finance in general and for the GCF in particular. Since para 3 of the Governing Instrument for the GCF specifically contains reference to the gender aspect, namely: “The Fund will strive to maximize the impact of its funding for adaptation and mitigation, […] while […] taking a gender-sensitive approach.”
Main authors: John Ward, Sam Fankhauser and Philip Gradwell, Anthony Nyong and Balgis Osman Elasha
Date: November 2012
The paper describes different direct access modalities of different funds (i.e. Adaptation Fund (AF) or the Global Fund to fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria). In regard to the AF, it provides examples and reasons of successful accreditation of National Implementing Entities (NIE) as well as the main problems for African NIEs in fulfilling the accreditation requirements of the AF.In another section it provides suggestions on how the use of so called standard direct access could be enhanced in Africa in relation to the Green Climate Fund. This is followed by the provision of advice on how African countries can prepare themselves to be ready for direct access as well as on the potential role the African Development Bank could play in supporting African countries in these efforts.
In the last chapter, it describes how national climate funds could play a role in regard to funding from the GCF and how African countries and the African Development Bank could support the emergence of such funds.
Why we recommend this:
The paper is of great relevance towards discussions under the Green Climate Fund, since it describes lessons learned from previous direct access models as well as suggestions on how to enhance direct access modalities under the Green Climate Fund. The latter include for instance suggestions in regard to the accreditation of NIEs as well as regarding the distribution of funding between direct access and non-direct access projects.