REPORT: Community-Based Management of Ecosystems and Natural Resources for the Improvement of Rural Livelihoods and Food Security in the Nigerian Savannah
The impact of climate extremes on the landscapes of the Nigerian savannah vary from season to season and from decade to decade. Global climate models predict that the savannah will become drier with more fragile shrub and grassland areas. Because poor management of the fragile landscapes can exacerbate the impacts of climate change, it is crucial to identify and adopt appropriate land management techniques to provide sufficient food security and sustainable livelihoods to a growing human population.
This in-depth report, Community-Based Management of Ecosystems and Natural Resources for the Improvement of Rural Livelihoods and Food Security in the Nigerian Savannah, examines the socio-ecological attributes required to improve natural resources management and strengthen the resilience and adaptive capacity of rural communities in the wooded savanna of Nigeria. The project will provide opportunities for community participation in ecosystems management by small-scale farmers who rely on rain-fed agriculture. The farmers will receive training and will participate in the design and implementation of adaptation techniques for sustainable land and water use in the densely settled rural savannah in western Nigeria. Groups of community residents and opinion leaders will gain skills for implementation of adaptation techniques for the management of their fragile lands during times of climate change.
This project and publication has been produced as part of the START call for research on the theme of ‘Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security’ in Africa, with an emphasis on the sustainability of ecosystem services in Africa. Objectives of this call are to commission high quality, independent, policy-relevant and credible research to support policy making for sustainable development in the region, to build the capacities of regional research partners to conduct high level research and to create a platform for knowledge sharing at the regional level. The funding has been provided by US National Science Foundation, Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and CDKN.
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Image credit: Neil Palmer/CIAT