Indonesia’s rapidly growing economy has placed a great strain on its natural resources and escalated the demand for energy and transportation systems. The bulk of greenhouse gas emissions in Indonesia result from deforestation, land use change, and peatland degradation, and have placed Indonesia in the ranks of top global greenhouse gas emitting countries. Air pollution levels resulting from the high levels of deforestation have had impact beyond Indonesian borders with the annual “haze” season reaching unhealthy and unsafe levels in Singapore and Malaysia – as in 2015. Action on forest conservation and climate change provides the opportunity for public health and clean air benefits.
The goal of CDKN’s work in Indonesia is to enable participatory, coordinated and informed action on climate compatible development and improved access to climate finance, to support the delivery of Indonesia’s ambitious climate targets. CDKN’s country programme has worked with the Ministry of National Planning (BAPPENAS) around to support communications and attract climate finance. The technical support CDKN has provided to Indonesia’s Climate Change Trust Fund has strengthened the agency’s capacity, particularly with regard to fiduciary standards and regulations. In addition, CDKN has provided institutional support and technical capacity building to Indonesia’s NDA (National Designated Authority for the Green Climate Fund), the Ministry of Finance, for building their climate finance readiness. At the subnational level, CDKN helped assess the climate finance needs of second-tier cities in three countries of Asia and provided recommendations for cities to access domestic and international climate finance.
In the energy sector, CDKN has played a significant role in taking forward some of the recommendations made by BAPPENAS and partners to harmonise ministerial efforts on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). This has included work with the Ministry of Energy (ESDM) on developing accounting frameworks for energy NAMAs and testing more participatory approaches to mainstream mitigation interests into energy sector programmes. Our programme has helped pilot subnational NAMA planning in the energy sector – harnessing the interest of provincial energy departments and power producers.