PROJECT: District Climate and Disaster Smart Planning in India
Project Reference: TAAS-0048
With the increasing magnitude and frequency of various climate related disasters such as floods, cyclones, and droughts, India faces recurrent damages and impacts on livelihoods and assets. The poor are being further marginalised and there is a huge financial burden on the government. Districts are very important agents in disaster management in India, having the legal mandate, budget and institution (DDMA) required to take action. However, capacity remains very low, including the level of understanding of root causes of vulnerability and a lack of relevant and appropriate information on specific climate and disaster impacts for the disaster.
In 2012, CDKN supported a research project to explore the connections between adaptation to climate change, DRM and development planning in Gorakhpur District , in Uttar Pradesh. The policy uptake and ownership were such that it resulted in the District Government producing a new and effective climate-compatible District Disaster Management Plan (DDMP). The project team including , GEAG and ISET and the National Institute for Disaster Management (NIDM) have written up the approach (‘Process Document’) and produced a training module are training district officials from across the country on it. The Utter Pradesh Government has directed all 75 Districts in the State to follow Gorakhpur’s process and output.
Although this project provided a model of best practice, there is need and considerable potential for scaling-up this work in a number of different contexts and locations. Phase II of this project will leverage a number of national, state, and district partners and opportunities for scaling-up. Firstly, it will be review and improve the ‘Gorakhpur model’. The team will then further test and validate the model by providing technical assistance within four states, at a combination of levels: state, district and urban. A comprehensive process of vulnerability and hazard mapping, capacity building, and participatory planning will be used at the district level to produce a climate-compatible DDMP.
Technical assistance will also be provided to put in place the correct enabling environment to ensure State policies, programmes and funding facilitate climate-compatible district (and state) level disaster management. Similarly, at the national level, the Government will initiate a discussion and review process on how decentralised climate-compatible disaster management planning can be better enabled by national policies and actions. Part of this will involve providing the national government (and sub-national actors) with a framework to assess what mainstreaming adaptation and disaster management integration actually means, and how far it has been achieved.
- Revised District Disaster Management Plan for each selected district
- Integration of climate-compatible DRM in key regulations and laws and on departmental plans and sectoral plans of State Planning Department
CDKN Funding: £295,000