PROJECT: Strengthening climate resilience and water security in Africa
Project Reference: TAAF-0026
Water security in Africa is compromised by a highly variable climate with significant inter-annual and intra-annual variability. Present climate variability already destabilises economies, societies and livelihoods, and predicted climate change trends are likely to exacerbate problems for many, particularly the most vulnerable and poor. Water stress can undermine the achievement of key development goals, such as the MDG targets on access to water and sanitation, and slow progress towards sustainable development.
There is an urgent need to enhance the profile of water management in national and regional development planning processes and to recognise water management as a key strategy in building climate resilience.
CDKN supported the African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW) in developing a Strategic Framework for Water Security and Climate Resilient Development, to strengthen capacity to integrate water security and climate resilience in development planning processes. The Framework has helped senior professionals and decision-makers to identify and develop ‘no or low regret’ investment strategies, integrate these into planning processes, and influence development activities so they become more resilient to climate change and variability. The Strategic Framework was developed as part of the Water, Climate and Development Programme (WACDEP), an AMCOW programme implemented by Global Water Partnership (GWP). It evolved through a strong collaborative relationship between AMCOW and its Technical Advisory Committee, GWP and CDKN who funded the work.
The methodologies and tools drew on African and international best practice, but aimed to provide products that can be applied over a wide range of country and river basin contexts. The project provided immediate benefit to the eight countries, four transboundary river basins and one shared aquifer identified for in-depth implementation work under WACDEP: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tunisia and Zimbabwe; Limpopo Basin, Kagera Basin, Lake Chad Basin and Volta Basin, and the North-Western Sahara Aquifer System. Ultimately the project should be of use to all African countries.
A multi-disciplinary team of international experts, led by HR Wallingford (UK), worked closely with GWP and AMCOW to engage with key stakeholders and to facilitate development of the Framework. The Framework was launched in May 2012 at the African Water Week. Priority countries and basins identified under WACDEP were trained to apply and use the Framework after its been developed.
The project has also produced the following policy briefs:
- Water security for development in an uncertain climate
- Building on the foundations of integrated water resources management
- Ensuring adaptation at all levels
- Managing risks and making robust decisions for development
- Innovative approaches to water and climate financing
For more information:
- A video on WACDEP:
- www.gwp.org/wacdep, www.amcow-online.org
- Strategic Framework for Water Security and Climate Resilient Development
- Strategic Framework Summary
- CoP17 side event: Climate Resilience and Water Security in Africa
- CDKN in conversation with Mr Bai Mass Taal, AMCOW Executive Secretary, at CoP17
CDKN funding: £400,000
Photo courtesy of Sanjini de Silva, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), Challenge Program on Water and Food.