Support to the Republic of Nauru as Chair of the Alliance of Small Island States
Project Reference: ADGL-0009
This project aims to provide support to the Republic of Nauru, as Chair of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS), in the form of funding for the following key positions:
- Lead UNFCCC negotiator
- Deputy UNFCCC Negotiator for Alliance of Small Island States
- Legal Adviser (Climate Change) to the Chair of the Alliance of Small Island States
The project will enable the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) to take a more active and influential role in climate negotiations, and to provide them with a fair and equitable climate deal.
The key outputs that will be supplied by the three individuals are as follows:
1) Attendance at UNFCCC negotiations, other climate change meetings and bilateral meetings, representing AOSIS.
2) Separate written and verbal feedback to CDKN. This will be in the form of a written report on a quarterly basis (using an objectives template to be supplied by CDKN), including an overview of the work conducted by the Lead Negotiator including time spent and a description of resulting outcomes.
3) Description of resulting outcomes, as referred to above, could include descriptions of real time technical advice (written or verbal); design, development or delivery of strategy workshops or other meetings; policy briefings and papers; or submissions and interventions. Where permitted by the members of the group, these should be included as annexes to the report. Where content is deemed confidential, a listing of key outputs and outcomes should be produced, detailing how there are to be used and their anticipated impact.
4) Monthly conference calls to discuss the above, and to update future plans, and;
5) Quarterly reports to CDKN that will outline progress.
1. Attendance at UNFCCC negotiations, other climate change meetings and bilateral meetings, representing AOSIS.
2. Coordination of AOSIS technical negotiators for thematic areas, and chairing technical coordination meetings in absence of Chair.
3. Relevant preparatory materials for AOSIS delegations in advance of the Conference for the Parties (COPs) and intersessional meetings.
4. Communication with the media on behalf of AOSIS.
5. Advise on technical negotiation issues to Chair and Lead Negotiator, and;
6. Implementation of AOSIS climate change strategy.
1. Technical and legal advice and support to the AOSIS Chair on Climate Change, including technical and legal analysis of UNFCCC negotiation documents.
2. AOSIS statements, briefing documents, legal opinions, resolutions, submissions, treaty text, position papers and presentations.
3. Coordination of AOSIS member states and negotiators, including at UNFCCC meetings.
4. Attendance at UNFCCC negotiations, other climate change meetings and bilateral meetings, representing Nauru, and;
5. Development and implementation of AOSIS strategic objectives.
Climate Change Adviser:
1. Professional support and technical advice to the AOSIS Chair on climate change.
2. Drafting statements, briefing documents, UNFCCC submissions and presentations.
3. Undertaking general research on climate change.
4. Attending UNFCCC negotiations and other related climate change meetings.
The key outcomes include:
1. Provision of legal and technical support to inform and interpret AOSIS group’s policy and negotiating positions
2. Provision negotiation and strategic support to inform and interpret AOSIS group’s policy and negotiating positions
3. Ensuring the negotiating teams participation in the negotiations and key group meetings, and
4. Facilitating the AOSIS Group’s strategic planning before and during the negotiation process.
December 2012: Leading up to the Republic of Nauru’s first COP as Chair of AOSIS in Doha, Nauru took the opportunity to coordinate work and meetings to strengthen relationships between AOSIS members and to help build capacity within the membership. AOSIS members represent countries that are most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, but often lack the resources and capacity to participate effectively within international climate negotiations.
Throughout the year, Nauru as Chair of AOSIS convened an AOSIS Leader’s meeting in September demonstrating high-level commitment by members with regard to climate issues, as well as providing a strong mandate for AOSIS delegations going into Doha. AOSIS also made submissions to the UNFCCC throughout the year, and attended informal meetings.
In Doha, Nauru as AOSIS Chair, coordinated pre-COP AOSIS strategy meetings, a ministerial level AOSIS meeting, and daily coordination meetings during the negotiations.
Regrettably, Doha did not deliver the mitigation ambition the scientific community says is essential to keep global temperature rise from exceeding 2 degrees Celsius, to say nothing of 1.5 degrees, and the cascade of catastrophes that would follow. Climate finance was also a missing element of the Doha outcome, with no concrete progress on delivering the promise of mobilising 100 billion per year by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries.
However, the Doha outcome included the adoption of the amendments enabling the second commitment period to the Kyoto Protocol – which is a major milestone in the climate change regime. The agreement by Parties to a mandatory review of their emissions targets by 2014 is a critical element of the second commitment period of the KP to increase mitigation ambition, and it will serve as an important precedent for the future legal agreement to be negotiated by 2015.
AOSIS achieved several other significant milestones:
- Pre-2020 mitigation ambition Workplan: AOSIS’ proposal for pre-2020 mitigation ambition formed the basis of negotiations on Workstream 2 of the Ad hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform (AWG-ADP). The decision captured many elements contained within the AOSIS workplan proposal, including high-level engagement, workshops, and participation and submissions by the private sector, intergovernmental organizations and civil society in helping to identify methods to increase mitigation ambition.
- Loss and Damage: Agreement to establish institutional arrangements, such as an international mechanism at COP 19, to address loss and damage associated with the impacts of climate change in particularly vulnerable developing countries. This was a significant step towards realizing a longstanding AOSIS priority.
AOSIS efforts on pre-2020 mitigation ambition and on loss and damage were spearheaded by Sai Navoti and Malia Talakai, with the generous support of CDKN.
AOSIS also welcomed UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon’s plan to convene a World Leaders Summit on Climate Change in 2014 and will resume efforts to achieve real mitigation effort leading up to this leader’s summit.
CDKN funding: £330,000 (£130,000 / £200,000)
Project Manager: Kinga Lodge