Uganda is severely vulnerable to climate change and its vulnerability is set to increase between 2010 and 2030 (DARA; Climate Vulnerability Monitor, 2012). Approximately 70% of the country’s population engages in subsistence, rain-fed agriculture and it derives significant income from exported crops. Poor infrastructure in rural and urban areas makes it particularly vulnerable to floods, with the associated disease outbreaks and land degradation. Less than 10% of Uganda’s population has access to electricity and the available generation capacity is almost completely reliant on river-run hydro-electricity. It has a low Human Development Index, ranked 164th globally. The Government’s national planning framework, Vision 2040, envisages Uganda transforming from a predominantly low-income to a competitive upper middle-income country within 30 years.
Led by the Ministry of Water and Environment, Uganda has been building momentum on climate compatible development, adopting a National Climate Change Policy in December 2013 and launching a climate change learning strategy in June 2013.
CDKN’s vision of success is that Uganda achieves sustainable, low carbon economic growth that benefits the poor while increasing Ugandans' resilience to climate change.
In 2014, efforts will focus on the economic assessment of climate change impacts. This assessment will make the case for increased investment in climate compatible development and provide information to support government decision-making around budgetary allocations at national, sectoral and district levels. By quantifying climate change impacts, the assessment will also help Uganda to access climate and development finance, and frame its approach to climate finance mechanisms, such as the Green Climate Fund.
CDKN is also contributing to research, climate compatible development awareness and stronger links between district- and national-level governments in Uganda. Current work includes building the coffee sector’s awareness of climate change; testing a results-based mechanism for management of safe and secure water sources; scaling up the dissemination and adoption of clean cooking solutions; and developing the capacity of district level decision-makers to incorporate climate considerations into their district planning processes.
Our continuing country goal is that the Government of Uganda uses accurate economic and climate information to invest dedicated resources in climate sensitive sectors of the economy, to implement its National Climate Policy and strengthen climate resilience, particularly in urban centres.