How are developing countries responding to the high ambitions in the Paris climate agreement? CDKN’s Sam Bickersteth and Mairi Dupar report on the diverse perspectives among countries where CDKN is supporting national climate plans and their delivery: includes insights from Miriam Cerdan of Peru, Mihir Bhatt and Aditi Paul of India, Mochamad Indrawan of Indonesia, and more. [more...]
Nepal is ranked 145th out of 187 countries in the Human Development Index (UNDP; Human Development Index, 2014), despite recent progress in reducing multi-dimensional poverty rates from 65% in 2006 to 44% in 2011 (Alkire et.al, 2013). The economic growth rate has remained stagnant at 3-4% over the last couple of decades (reaching 4.6% in 2012) and is constrained by poor access to reliable power and weak transport infrastructure. Political instability, a legacy of the 1996-2006 civil war, is an additional impediment to growth.
Nepal is severely vulnerable to climate change and its vulnerability is set to increase between 2010 and 2030 (DARA; Climate Vulnerability Monitor, 2012). It is a predominantly rural society: 70% of the 27 million population rely on the agricultural sector as their primary source of income with recent temperature rises and reduction in winter rainfall affecting productivity. Its unique ecosystems, including the Himalayas, and its weak adaptive capacity, make it particularly vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters.
There has been some progress in mainstreaming climate change within development planning and policies but capacity and resource gaps has limited progress. CDKN aims to strengthen this process through the design and delivery of CCD plans and policies in key sectors such as agriculture, water and energy.
CDKN is supporting new evidence to show climate change is an economic and development issue to better the case for mainstreaming. Our work with the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment as well as the local research community is building their capacity to produce and use new knowledge on CCD will motivate action by line ministries. Technical support to these sectoral ministries and agencies will translate the evidence into planning and investment decisions that will build the resilience of the most vulnerable in society.
A progressive international agreement on climate change and related funding mechanisms that take into account the needs of LDCs is vital for Nepal. This will provide the resources and support needed for effective action on CCD at the national level. As a result, CDKN providing technical and capacity building support to Nepal in its role as LDC Chair which will help the LDC Group to engage more strategically to influence the international negotiations.