Mozambique is a country in the south-east of the African continent, bordered by Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Swaziland. While Mozambique is a resource rich country in oil, gas and titanium, a long-standing civil war between 1977-1992 has severely hindered its development, leaving it 184/187 countries on the 2011 Human Development Rank. Poverty is widespread, with more than 50% of Mozambicans living on less than $1 a day.
Since the end of the civil war, Mozambique’s economy has been growing at a rapid pace. Its growth is largely through agriculture, but also manufacturing of food and beverages, chemicals, aluminium and petroleum. Climate change poses serious threats to the wellbeing of the population, who suffered severe floods and droughts in 2000-2002, which affected over one quarter of the population. Therefore, seeking climate compatible development strategies is key to its future resilience.
Population: 23.9 million
Human development ranking: 184/187
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