How do you build the investment case for climate change adaptation in an African context? Watch an animation about a workshop held in Cape Town, South Africa, which brought together CDKN colleagues and collaborators to discuss adaptation on the continent. [more...]
Kenya is currently the second largest economy in East Africa, with the highest GDP per capita in the region at US$ 862 in 2012. It is, however, highly vulnerable to climate change and its vulnerability is set to increase between 2010 and 2030 (DARA; Climate Vulnerability Monitor, 2012). Kenya has experienced droughts, floods, and other extreme climate events with increased frequency in recent years, including the 2010-2011 Horn of Africa drought crisis. It is ranked 147th on the Human Development Index (UNDP; Human Development Index, 2014). Kenya’s CO2 emissions are 0.3 tonnes per capita, while the global average is 4.9 tonnes per capita (World Bank; World Development Indicators: Energy dependency, efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions, 2010). Forty six percent of Kenyans still live below the poverty line and close to 80% are dependent on subsistence rain-fed agriculture. The annual burden of extreme climatic events could cost the Kenyan economy up to US$ 500 million a year, approximately 2% of GDP.
CDKN’s vision of success for climate compatible development in Kenya is that climate change does not constrain growth and development, and that Kenyans are able to take advantage of low carbon, climate resilient development opportunities.
Kenya is at an advanced stage of climate compatible development planning. With support from CDKN and others, the Government of Kenya (GoK) has formally adopted the National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) and has begun integrating climate change considerations into development planning. Through the development of the NCCAP, a large body of policy-relevant research and analysis has been generated to assist the GoK in its planning around low carbon, climate resilient growth. The focus is now on implementation, and achieving Kenya’s development targets under Vision 2030 through effective institutional architecture, competent institutions and clear budget commitments. The formal adoption of the NCCAP constitutes a significant result for CDKN’s engagement with the GoK.
CDKN also has a diverse portfolio of other projects assisting the private sector, humanitarian organisations and research in Kenya. With CDKN support, the flower sector has developed a carbon reduction toolkit, the Kenya Private Sector Alliance has been established as a platform to engage the GoK on climate change related issues, and journalists have been trained to report on climate change. CDKN has also funded research to reduce farmers’ vulnerability through the provision of weather forecasting services, and research to understand the adoption of solar home systems in order to improve uptake of low carbon technologies.
CDKN’s continuing country goal in Kenya is to ensure the NCCAP is implemented at national and sub-national levels of government, and that non-state actors, including the private sector and civil society, are engaged in climate compatible development and help drive this implementation.