The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
Ethiopia is among the fastest growing non-oil producing economies in Africa. However, in 2011 Agriculture still accounted for 46.4% of its economic output.Ethiopia’s mean annual temperature has increased by 1.3°C between 1960 and 2006. There has been a significant increase in the frequency of ‘hot’ days and nights. Models predict increases in annual rainfall and the proportion of total rainfall that falls in ‘heavy’ events.
The likely occurrence of more frequent heavy rainfalls after periods of drought makes Ethiopia particularly vulnerable to flooding. Future climate variability is likely to worsen current over-cultivation, over-grazing, deforestation and erosion, particularly common in the highlands.
Human Development Index: 173/187
Population: 84 million