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Ethiopia has the second largest population in Africa (94 million people) and one of the fastest growing non-oil economies (7% per annum). Twenty nine percent of the population live below the poverty line and only 5% of Ethiopia’s energy comes from electricity. It has a low Human Development Index, ranking 173rd out of 187 countries. Two factors in particular make Ethiopia highly vulnerable to climate change: The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which contributes 46.6% to GDP and employs 80% of the population in predominantly small-scale, rain-fed agriculture. The industrial sector depends predominantly on hydropower for electricity and the government aims to increase the hydroelectric capacity six-fold by 2030. Compared to both developing and developed regions, greenhouse gas emissions per capita in Ethiopia is miniscule; 0.9 tonnes CO2e compared to 4.5 tonnes per capita for Asia and 23.1 tonnes per capita for North America.

Ethiopia has placed green growth and climate resilience at the centre of its economic transformation. The Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy (CRGE) aims to ensure that Ethiopia reaches its goal of achieving middle-income status by 2025 whilst remaining carbon neutral. In 2013 the Ethiopian Environmental Protection Authority was converted to the Ministry of Environmental Protection & Forest (MEPF), elevating the status of the Government’s climate change response and providing strong momentum for climate compatible development in Ethiopia.

CDKN’s vision of success is that Ethiopia experiences continuous low carbon economic growth and poverty reduction that supports resilience to climate change and is characterised by improved natural resources management at multiple levels.

CDKN is supporting the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) to implement its CRGE Strategy, achieve its low carbon economic growth targets and develop its institutional and fiduciary approach to manage climate finance flows. CDKN’s work is currently focused on building capacity within the MEPF in the areas of knowledge management, climate finance, and monitoring, reporting and verification. This work has been extended through to 2015 with financial support from the UK Department for International Development’s Strategic Climate Institutions Programme.

Apart from its support for CRGE implementation, CDKN has also invested in several other projects with wide-ranging concerns at the climate and development interface. These include preliminary work towards upscaling the National Biogas Programme, and implementing national-level advocacy and capacity building strategies to connect government officials, humanitarian organisations and affected communities and increase their ability to address climate-related challenges.

CDKN’s continuing country goal is that the Government of Ethiopia has appropriate institutions, fiduciary systems and capacity to implement climate compatible development at the national and sub-national levels, and is able to leverage resources for the implementation of its Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy.

CDKN’s projects in Ethiopia:


CDKN Ethiopia Highlights


NEWS: Our land is complaining

Discussions about climate change among developed world practitioners can seem far removed from the reality being felt on the ground by Africans, as CDKN’s Director of Policy and Programmes Ari Huhtala finds out in Ethiopia [more...]

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