For El Salvador, the global climate agreement reached at COP21 in Paris - and its implementation - are a matter of survival. CDKN's strategic advisor for El Salvador, Jorge Rodriguez, shares his insights with Miren Gutierrez. [more...]
El Salvador is highly vulnerable to climate change and its vulnerability is set to increase between 2010 and 2030 (DARA; Climate Vulnerability Monitor, 2012). It is ranked 115th on the Human Development Index (UNDP; Human Development Index, 2014). El Salvador’s CO2 emissions are 2.6 tonnes per capita, while the global average is 4.9 tonnes per capita (World Bank; World Development Indicators: Energy dependency, efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions, 2010).
El Salvador is a lower middle income country, with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $3431.1 per capita in 2010. Before the global financial crisis, the Salvadoran economy had experienced an average growth rate of 3.9% since 1990. The country had a population of 6.2 million people in 2010. It is the smallest and most densely populated Central American country. Approximately 68.9% of the population is urban. The proportion of extremely poor people between 1991 and 2004 has reduced from 33% to 15%, placing the country on a favorable path to reach the Millennium Development Goal on poverty.
A key area of concern for continued development relates to the country’s compliance environmental sustainability, especially in terms of reducing CO2 emissions, and maintaining a minimum percentage of land as protected forest areas.