Getting climate smart for disasters
Project Reference: RSAS-0013
This project researches the institutional barriers and opportunities in achieving convergence of DRR and CCA in the context of development, poverty and vulnerability reduction. It does this by applying the Climate Smart Disaster Risk Management (CSDRM) approach as a process through which selected Indian institutions at varying scales can explore their institutional constraints towards achieving integration of climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR), and examine how such barriers can be overcome by discovering news ways of working.
The Climate Smart Disaster Risk Management (CSDRM) approach has been previously developed through a consortium including IDS, Plan International and Christian Aid, working in ten Asian and African countries, including India. There is widespread interest in the approach, and this proposal is designed to support research into its effectiveness.
The research methodology is based on identifying up to three institutions (one national, one state and one civil society) that operate in relation to one or more of the DRR, CCA and development areas:
- All-India level – provisionally the National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM – under the Ministry of Home Affairs);
- State disaster management institutes (provisionally Odisha (Orissa) and Bihar, selected in order to examine specific recent disasters as required in the TORs);
- NGOs (Inter-cooperation and AIDMI) operating at local level in these States.
A key component of research will be to examine the behaviour of relevant institutions in relation to a recent disaster, through a “reverse engineering” approach, and also assess the social, economic and cultural factors affecting the vulnerability of the affected people. To understand effective integration, two important areas thought to act as barriers will be analyzed: the mismatched priorities of DRR institutions and those of ordinary people in hazard prone areas; and the need for diversified livelihoods as a means to reduce climate dependency and increase resilience
The use of the CSDRM approach will be extended to support the institutions to identify their own priority pathways for integration across the threes silos, and they will be supported to develop their own actions plans. The general outcome will be enhanced capacity of the relevant institutions to understand the relations between work on DRR, climate change and development so that it is better integrated and does not rely on people remaining highly climate dependent and exposed to shocks and negative trends.
Principal Investigator: Sumana Bhattacharya, Intercooperation Social Development India
Main Co-investigators: Mihir Bhatt , All India Disaster Management Institute (AIDMI), Terry Cannon, Institute of Development Studies (IDS)
CDKN funding: £67,587
Project Manager: Dina Khan