EVENT: The key to sustainable growth – mainstreaming climate resilient infrastructure
Join SouthSouthNorth with the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) for our event at Africa Water Week
Wednesday 20 July 2016, 14.00 – 15.30
Venue: Julius Nyerere International Convention Centre, Dar es Salaam (room to be confirmed)
Shehnaaz Moosa –Director, SouthSouthNorth
Charles Reeve – Technical Director, Climate Resilient Infrastructure Development Facility (CRIDF)
Edgar Chongo – Limpopo Unit Director, Administração Regional de Águas do Sul (ARA-Sul), Government of Mozambique
Ruth Beukman– Executive Secretary, Global Water Partnership Southern Africa
TBC – Africa Water Facility
A Climate resilience – infrastructure – sustainable development nexus?
The year since World Water Week 2015 has been significant for sustainable development and climate change practitioners. In September 2015 world leaders agreed 17 SDGs, establishing a set of 169 targets to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice and tackle climate change by 2030. In December, 196 countries agreed to limit global warming to 2 degrees C with an aspiration for 1.5 degrees, something The Guardian referred to as the world’s greatest diplomatic success.
It has been significant too for Africa. January 2015 saw devastating floods in Madagascar, Malawi and Mozambique. Low rainfall in the southern African region for the 2015 -2016 wet season led Governments to declare the worst drought in decades. Crop failures across the continent have deepened food insecurity.
Countries have had to import grain against increasing prices, falling currency values, and low foreign exchange reserves.
Hydropower dependent countries are experiencing significant energy shortages as storage levels drop, further compounding the impact of low global commodity prices on economic growth.
The UNISDR report to COP 21 noted that weather related disasters account for over 80% of global disasters. The number and severity of these disasters is expected to increase with a warming climate. In low income countries the loss of infrastructure due to disaster makes up a higher proportion of GDP. Unsurprisingly, four of the SDG targets refer to disaster risk reduction, and the links between climate and disaster resilience, infrastructure and sustainable growth has been pushed to the forefront of the global development agenda.
This puts Africa’s infrastructure deficit of US$ 90 billion/year over the next decade into stark perspective. This last year has shown that climate resilience is as much about delivering infrastructure to help the poor cope with current weather related disasters, as it is about delivering larger scale – climate proofed – energy, transport and water infrastructure to enable sustainable development.
This side event will explore this through a panel discussion highlighting key lessons from:
- CDKN’s work with ARA-Sul in southern Mozambique;
- The Future Climate For Africa’s work on long lived hydropower infrastructure;
- The Global Water Partnership work particularly in operationalising the Water, Climate and Development Programme;
- CRIDF’s work on linking climate resilient infrastructure development, transboundary cooperation and financing in the SADC region;
- The Africa Water Facility’s work in mobilising and providing finance for water resources development.
Why join us for this event?
The World Bank Group has highlighted that the majority of Africa’s U$90 billion per year infrastructure deficit is in the energy, transport and water sectors. This requires investments in long-lived infrastructure. This has seen emphasis on ex ante climate proofing of the infrastructure, potentially driving up the cost, or affecting the financial viability of the investments. Taking its cue from the IPCC’s concept of iterative climate adaptation, the FCFA’s work on the Economics of Accounting for Long-term Climate in Decision Making, suggests that in some cases the least cost option may be an ex post “wait, learn and respond” approach. Importantly, low income countries have substantial development opportunities through deferred climate proofing costs.
The Government of Mozambique’s work on building the climate resilience of the Limpopo Basin, supported by the Africa Water Facility and CDKN, has highlighted that addressing the challenges of current climate variability through small infrastructure, contributes to building resilience in the rural poor. The work recognises the need to climate proof transmission and transport infrastructure, and addresses the role of transboundary cooperation in building climate resilience.
CRIDF has similarly focused on facilitating the delivery of small-scale infrastructure to build climate resilience among SADC’s poor. The Facility’s CRIDF+ component focuses on the role that larger infrastructure and transboundary cooperation can play in building climate resilient economies. Our panellists have been intimately involved in these studies, and in mainstreaming climate resilient infrastructure into sustainable growth strategies in Africa. As we move into the next phases of CDKN funding, we need to challenge the lessons learned through these processes around a number of themes:
- How do we ensure that we are not promoting sustainable and climate resilient poverty?
- Is small-scale water infrastructure bankable?
- Is there a distinction between building Climate Change Resilience and building Climate Resilience?
- Are the incremental costs of building resilience for possible long-term climate trends always justified in the context of urgent development needs?
- Will addressing the current climate variability be sufficient to deal with longer-term climate change?
This SSN-CDKN event is your opportunity to open your experiences to wider discussion.
We hope to see you there!
Image: water gathering, Ethiopia, courtesy IFPRI.