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NEWS: Government of Nepal publishes plan for assessment of the cost of climate change

The inception period of a CDKN supported project in Nepal has concluded with the Government of Nepal publishing an Inception Report and Implementation Plan for carrying out economic impact assessment of climate changeClimate change is a lasting change in weather patterns over long periods of time. It can be a natural phenomena and and has occurred on Earth even before people inhabited it. Quite different is a current situation that is also referred to as climate change, anthropogenic climate change, or ... in key sectors in Nepal.

The project will provide headline and sectoral estimates of the impacts and economic costsCost: The consumption of resources such as labour time, capital, materials, fuels, etc. as the consequence of an action. In economics, all resources are valued at their opportunity cost, which is the value of the most valuable alternative use of the resources. Costs are defi ned in a variety of ... of climate change for agricultural and waterClimate change is expected to exacerbate current stresses on water resources from population growth and economic and land-use change, including urbanisation. On a regional scale, mountain snow pack, glaciers and small ice caps play a crucial role in freshwater availability. Widespread mass ... sectors, to provide input to the Government’s assessment of loss and benefits from climate change in various geographical areas and development sectors by 2013.

The findings of the assessment will also provide information on climate compatible developmentClimate compatible development is development that minimises the harm caused by climate impacts, while maximising the many human development opportunities presented by transitions to a low emissions, resilient future. Charting a path towards climate compatible development will be a major ... options in these sectors to address these risks, to help the Government to strategically consider options for climate compatible development pathways.

The detailed scope and design of the project has been set through a highly participatory process, led by a project Steering Committee of senior Government officials from relevant departments, and chaired by the Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology. Thematic working groups of local experts and stakeholdersThe stakeholder is a person, group, or entity who has a direct or indirect role and interest in the goals or objectives and implementation of a program/intervention and/or its evaluation. (Glossary Monitoring and Evaluation Terms; MERG Monitoring & Evaluation Reference Group and UNAIDS) have also provided guidance and advice. This has resulted in consensus and ownership within the Government, and across the local stakeholderThe stakeholder is a person, group, or entity who has a direct or indirect role and interest in the goals or objectives and implementation of a program/intervention and/or its evaluation. (Glossary Monitoring and Evaluation Terms; MERG Monitoring & Evaluation Reference Group and UNAIDS) community, on what type of assessment will be most useful for the country.

The project is being implemented by IDS-Nepal, Practical Action Consulting (PAC) Nepal, and the Global Climate Adaptation Partnership (GCAP) who have documented the decisions made by the Government.

An Inception Report is a synthesis of the available information on climate change in Nepal. This includes information on current climate, future climate projectionsA projection is a potential future evolution of a quantity or set of quantities, often computed with the aid of a model. Projections are distinguished from predictions in order to emphasize that projections involve assumptions concerning, for example, future socioeconomic and technological ..., socio-economic dataEconomic data or economic statistics may refer to data (quantitative measures) describing an actual economy, past or present. These are typically found in time-series form, that is, covering more than one time period (say the monthly unemployment rate for the last five years) or in ..., and existing information on vulnerabilityVulnerability. Refers to the magnitude of harm that would result from a particular hazardous event. The concept recognises, for example, that different sub-types of a receptor may differ in their sensitivity to a particular level of hazard. Therefore climate vulnerability defines the extent to ... and adaptationAdjustments in human and natural systems, in response to actual or expected climate stimuli or their effects, that moderate harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. (IPPC).

The Implementation Plan then puts forward the approach that builds on existing information available obtained from the inception report, to deliver useful new analysis for the Government. The proposed work planThe M&E work plan is an annual costed M&E plan that describes the priority M&E activities for the year and the roles and responsibilities of organizations / individuals for their implementation; the cost of each activity and the funding identified; a timeline for delivery of all products / ... is split into 3 work streams: •

  • The costs of current climate variabilityClimate variability refers to variations in the mean state and other statistics (such as standard deviations, statistics of extremes, etc.) of the climate on all temporal and spatial scales beyond that of individual weather events. Variability may be due to natural internal processes within the ... and extremes in Nepal. This will provide the analysis of near-term economic costs, including potential impacts from changes in climate variability. For adaptation, the focus will be on addressing short-term climate variability (now and for the next 5 – 10 years) – focused on current and emerging trends, and identifying short-term, “no and low regrets” actions.
  • The risks to current plans over the short-medium term in Nepal. This will provide an initial risk screening of the potential impacts of climate changePotential impacts: all impacts that may occur given a projected change in climate, without considering adaptation. (IPCC) on current plans, i.e. and the associated economic costs. For adaptation, it will focus on building climate resilience (for the next 5-15 years) – focused pragmatically on incorporating climate change into existing plans, using insights from short- and long-term climate risksAll risks associated with the impacts of global warming, such as rising sea levels and unusual rain patterns and additional risks to infrastructure due to climate change.Critical human impacts of climate change arise through impacts on human habitat (for example, desertification, temperature ....
  • The longer term impacts and economic costs of climate change to Nepal. This will provide an analysis of the more traditional impacts and economic costs of climate change in key sectors, using information from scenario-based impact assessments and models. For adaptation, the focus will be on planning for medium to long-term climate change (2025 and beyond) – identifying priorities for early action.

These documents have been peer reviewed by local and international experts, and should prove to be useful to other Governments and stakeholders interested in carrying out similar initiatives.

For more information, contact CDKN Project Manager

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