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Tanzania National Climate Change Finance Analysis

The key messages of this report are:

  • This study provides a first estimate of climate change relevant expenditures that appear in the national budget of Tanzania over the period 2009/10 – 2012/13.
  • Climate change relevant expenditure has increased steadily as a proportion of the total budget from 4.2 per cent in 2009/10 to 6.5 per cent in 2012/13. This growth in budget for climate change relevant activities has been driven by an increase in donor funding that is on-budget. 
  • The 2012 National Climate Change Strategy represents a significant milestone, but it needs to be further strengthened to include: (i) the identification of priority programmes; (ii) their budgeted costs; and (iii) the expected sources of funding. 
  • The financing of climate change actions appears to be treated primarily as a budgetary rather than a policy issue.
  • The composition of climate change relevant expenditure appears to have shifted over the four year period, from projects with a primary focus on either adaptation or mitigation, to projects that appear to combine both objectives.
  • There is a considerable amount of spending taking place in ministries without the full realisation of the significance of such spending in terms of its relation to climate change.