Managing risk, promoting growth: developing systems for social protection in Africa. The World Bank’s Africa Social Protection Strategy 2012—2022
This report provides an overview of the state of social protection in Africa, starting with the premise that some indicators have improved significantly over the past decade. It argues the need to take a systems approach to social protection. The World Bank’s priorities in this field are to help reduce vulnerability and poverty by helping poor people. The authors argue that social protection programs and policies aim to build resilience, achieve equity and take advantage of opportunities, which, they state, promotes economic growth.
Some of the measures to achieve resilience come from insuring against the effects of shocks; protecting against destitution and promoting equality of opportunity; creating better basic living conditions such as health and education. The paper sustains that there are four basic principles underpinning successful social protection initiatives: equity, fiscal sustainability; scalability and incentive compatibility. The authors say that governments can work towards better social protection systems by developing by defining a long-term vision and coherent policies and ensuring that social protection systems are harmonized and integrated and have common administrative systems. Success in these areas will be measured with a set of performance indicators.