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Malaria and agriculture: a global review of the literature with a focus on the application of integrated pest and vector management in east Africa and Uganda

Malaria is one of the top five causes of death worldwide and roughly half the world’s population lives at risk of the disease. Uganda has the highest malaria parasite transmission in the world and it is an important case study, according to this literature review, due to the role agricultural development has played in increasing malaria transmission within the country. The paper brings together current research from agricultural economics, environmental science and epidemiology to provide a foundation for research directly addressing how malaria relates these fields to one another in malaria-endemic settings such as the east African highlands. Ambiguities on the causal relationships between malaria and poverty, climate change, irrigation and land use changes are discussed in the light of high local variation in impact on malaria transmission.