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Local vulnerability, Forest communities and Forestcarbon conservation: case of southern Cameroon

This paper examines two community forests carbon conservation projects in Nomedjoh and Nkolenyeng in southern Cameroon.

The study finds:
(1)    Communities are vulnerable to local climate variability and the carbon conservation projects might further exacerbate community vulnerability. 
(2)    Local adaptation needs and options encompass improvement in livelihood diversification, strengthening the viability of local economic activities, knowledge and capacity building in local agriculture systems and alternative livelihood options.
(3)    The motivation, incentives and willingness of forest communities to participate in forests conservation activities are somehow influenced by factors linked to their adaptation needs, in addition to the perception of tenure security.
(4)    The carbon project objectives and activities have prospects to enhance the adaptive capacity of forest communities if well implemented.

The study concludes that assessing the vulnerability of livelihood options of communities to both climatic and non climatic stresses is a point of departure to minimise risk on forests carbon conservation schemes.