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Institute of Development Studies: After Meles: Implications for Ethiopia’s Development

Briefing looking at the questions raised by the death of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi in August 2012 about Ethiopia’s political stability and development trajectory.

Meles built up a complex web of relationships that conjoined domestic political forces with foreign investors, leading the country towards impressive rates of growth and substantial achievement of some development indicators.

Under his rule Ethiopia’s national image began a slow transformation from famine-plagued nation to a fast-growing country which was at the heart of a new global realpolitik in Africa. The challenge now is whether Ethiopia’s institutions, dominated at all levels by a single party, can transition to greater pluralism and, if so, will this enable the country to approach middle-income status by 2025 – a much-vaunted goal of the late Prime Minister.