ICT and e-Governance for Rural Development
This paper presents a brief review of the technologies, the rural ICT projects and the issues associated with the use of ICT for rural e-Governance applications. Rural e-Governance applications in the recent past have demonstrated the important role the ICT play in the realm of rural development. Several e-Governance projects have attempted to improve the reach, enhance the base, minimize the processing costs, increase transparency, and reduce the cycle times. Several states have initiated the creation of State Wide Area Networks (SWAN) to facilitate electronic access of the state and district administration services to the citizens in villages. Although significant efforts are required to design, develop and internalize the ICT solutions through well managed reengineering of back-end processes and capacity building efforts to ensure sustainability. Suitable publicprivate partnership models have to be adopted to ensure rapid development and costeffective solutions.