Global climate risk index 2013: Who suffers most from extreme weather events? Weather-related loss events in 2011 and 1992 to 2011
The Global Climate Risk Index 2013 analyses the quantified impacts of extreme weather events. The most recent available data from 2011, as well as for the period 1992-2011, were taken into account in this eight edition of the annually published analysis. The index shows that the most affected countries in 2011 were Thailand, Cambodia, Pakistan, El Salvador and the Philippines. For the period 1992 to 2011, Honduras, Myanmar and Nicaragua rank highest. In total, more than 530,000 people died as a direct consequence from almost 15,000 extreme weather events, and losses of more than US$2.5 trillion (in PPP1) occurred from 1992 to 2011 (US$1.68 trillion overall losses in original values). The analysis confirms that less developed countries are generally more affected by extreme weather events. The index is hoped to serve as a warning signal indicating past vulnerability which may further increase in regions where extreme events will become more frequent or more severe as a result of climate change.