Getting Agriculture Moving Once Again: Strategic Options for Post- HYV Agriculture in Bangladesh
Bangladesh agriculture has over the last thirty years been basically arice-dominated crop agriculture. The output growth has been very substantial and characterised by increasing dependence on the dry period irrigated boro HYV and of late hybrid rice; the change-over to boro HYVs largely through conversion of the land from the overlapping aus season the prospects which are now limited; and largely static absolute acreage but variable output from wet period aman rice. In the short run, a more clearly focused inputs subsidy policy may need to be adopted. Several options may be defined depending whether the subsidy needs to be targeted or universal as well as whether both fertiliser and diesel subsidy may be given and whether it be given in cash or through a pricing system.