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Environmentally Induced Migration from Bangladesh to India | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses

This paper examines the consequences of environmentally induced migration from Bangladesh to India. It notes that such movement of population in the Indo- Bangladesh context is generating a range of destabilising socio-political, economic, ethnic and communal tensions in India and has embittered Indo-Bangladesh relations, causing tensions between the two countries. The paper shows that scarcity of land and water in the rural areas of Bangladesh, caused by rapid population growth, environmental change and unequal resource distribution and development, are causing widespread landlessness, unemployment, declining wages and income, growing income disparities and degradation of human habitat. The affected people are increasingly moving to India where the prospect of life appears to be better. The study suggests that this flow of population will continue unabated, perhaps at a greater rate, unless remedial measures are taken in the places of origin of the migrants.