CoP 10 and sustainable development: developing countries’ perspectives
This special issue of the Development Alternatives newsletter addresses the tenth conference of parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in a series of short articles offering various perspectives on issues of adaptation in a largely Indian context.
The articles are as follows:
- CoP-10 and sustainable development: developing countries’ perspectives by Kalipada Chatterjee. Developing countries have a low adaptive capacity to withstand the adverse impacts of climate change in large part due to poverty; large population, lack of resources and a high dependency on five climate sensitive sectors – namely water, agriculture, health, biodiversity and energy. This article addresses these five issues in the Indian context, integrating recent projections of climate change impacts.
- Coping with climate change by Ashok Khosla. The convergence between mitigation and adaptation is possible only with the large scale introduction of sustainable livelihoods and sustainable lifestyles. This means that appropriate technology and the other solutions being pioneered by social enterprises such as Development Alternatives become all the more important, not only for local communities but also for the global economy.
- Climate change interventions to promote biomass energy in India by Debyani Ghosh. Examines opportunities and identifies priorities to alter the usage patterns of biomass-energy, particularly in rural areas, under the provisions of the CDM
- Act now to control the mounting adaptation deficit: negotiate an integrated package for adaptation by Ian Burton. Nations and communities are not coming to grips with the need to adapt to either current climate extremes or climate change, and continue to follow styles and paths of development that are dramatically increasing the losses. Property damage from extreme climate-related events is following a curve that looks exponential. And, this is happening much before the full impact of climate change is felt. This represents the current adaptation deficit. In the UNFCCC negotiations the priority must be to establish an effective and credible adaptation regime that can compliment and not detract from the slow and difficult processes of mitigation.
- Energy efficiency & sustainable development by Mallika Roy. Identifies barriers and suggests possible policy options to address climate change by promoting energy efficient technologies on a large scale.
- CDM in the Forestry Sector by Dr Anish Chatterjee. Critically examines aspects of CDM in relation to the forestry sector in India. Issues addressed include the sequestration capacity of Indian forests and afforestation and reforestation opportunities. Concerns are raised over CDM implementation.
- Towards carbon neutral communities by Deepti Gumber. Outlines measures individuals and communities can take to reduce their carbon footprint
- Trade competitiveness: implications of Kyoto Protocol by Udit Mathur. Examines the estimated impacts of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) on the competitiveness of traded goods and the likely impact on the Indian economy of these changes.
- India must be Bharat by Sunil Shastri and SK Sharma. Argues for reform of the Indian constitution along the lines advocated by Ghandi.