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Climate vulnerability and capacity of ethnic minorities in the northern mountainous region of Vietnam

Vietnam is likely to be one of the most significantly impacted nations in the world from climate change due to its long coastline, high dependence on agriculture and relatively low levels of development in rural areas. For the poorest communities, the impacts of climate change will have particularly acute consequences. This report looks at one of Vietnam's ethnic minorities in the northern mountainous region of the country and considers their vulnerability to climate change and capacity to adapt.

The report is based on a study conducted as part of CARE Vietnam’s Civil Action for Socio-economic Inclusion in Sustainable Development (CASI III) Project. This is a synthesis of the analysis conducted using the Climate Vulnerability and Capacity Analysis (CVCA) Handbook. It also draws on analyses conducted in the project area for the design of the CASI Project. The CVCA Handbook is organised around CARE’s framework for community-based adaptation (CBA). The CBA framework presents a range of ‘enabling factors’ which must be in place at household/individual, community/local and national levels in order for effective community-based adaptation to take place. The enabling factors fall under four inter-related components: climate-resilient livelihoods, disaster risk reduction, local capacity development and advocacy.