Climate risk management for the health sector in Nicaragua
Nicaragua faces great development challenges as the poorest country in Central America. Although health conditions and services are improving, the sector still suffers from significant shortages. The prevalence of diarrhoea, dengue and leptospirosis is closely related to seasonal rainfall patterns and extreme events, which increase the emergence of standing water sources that facilitate disease transmission. This report emphasises that climate change is likely add stress to this situation, as well as affect health indirectly through impacts on agriculture and biodiversity. Managing climate risks to human health in Nicaragua will require, according to the report, first and foremost, universal and secure access to clean water and sanitation. This can be complemented by additional strategies such as water conservation, expansion of flood controls, reforestation of water catchment areas, supporting community disaster committees and the establishment of monitoring and early warning systems.