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Climate related risks and opportunities for agricultural adaptation in semi-arid eastern Kenya

This paper reports on a field assessment of risks associated with climate variability in eastern Kenya by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). It also includes the compilations of climate related agricultural risks gathered from a Kamba radio dialogue with local communities, aired in 2012. It highlights the potential for mitigating climate change through improved management of agricultural land and crop and livestock husbandry practices, as well as on tapping into the wide range of traditional knowledge of the local communities. The report concludes that emphasis should be on farm management options that aim at restoration of degraded agricultural land, improving food security and thus livelihoods of communities in the semi-arid areas. Possible measures include: water harvesting; use of cropping systems such as multiple cropping that brings about improvement in soil fertility; and diversifying livestock production.