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Climate change mitigation in developing countries: Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa, and Turkey

This study attempts to document the climate mitigation efforts in six countries—Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa, and Turkey—and to inform policy-making aimed at further mitigation in these and other developing nations, which, the authors state, are set to overtake industrialised countries in carbon emissions.

The report states that these reductions have occurred as a result of economic growth, energy security, and improved air quality, rather than specific climate change concerns. The major conclusions the authors draw from these country case studies are that:

  • many developing countries are already taking action that is significantly reducing their greenhouse gas emissions growth
  • these efforts are driven not by climate policy but by imperatives for development and poverty alleviation, local environmental protection, and energy security
  • developing nations offer large opportunities for further emissions mitigation, but competing demands for resources may hamper progress
  • developing countries can use policies to leverage human capacity, investment, and technology to capture large-scale mitigation opportunities, while simultaneously augmenting their development goals

The authors also make recommendation for bilateral and multilateral policy that aims to reduce carbon emissions in developing counties.