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Climate change and human health: Indian context

This article estimates that climate change contributes to the loss of above 2.5 million disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in south east Asia, as a result of, for example, heat waves, air quality related respiratory diseases, disasters due to excessive floods and malnutrition. The article discusses latest work undertaken in India arguing that there is a need for further studies on assessing the impact on dengue and chikungunya, because the transmission dynamics of these diseases involve water availability, storage and lifestyle among other factors. In regard to vector borne diseases, focus should be on presently malaria free areas where climate change impacts can be minimised with the use of best available tools of interventions already in use in disease endemic areas. The study notes that local practices being practiced by the communities to face challenges like floods, heat strokes and protection from mosquito bites should be documented and encouraged as adaptation measures.