Cities in developing countries and their development in response to climate change
DFID are undertaking a basic analysis around cities in developing countries and the potential for increased attention as a response to climate change and natural resource scarcity. This paper contributes to the analysis as a quick and brief overview. The paper is structured with an overview of climate change in poor cities, including vulnerability and management challenges, followed by a problem analysis, on-going initiatives, and examples of the most urgent actions to accelerate progress. The final section describes key global partners in the Sector. This paper has been prepared in a very short time span and hence, not all references have been cross-checked, so that evidence referred to in the paper may be inaccurate.
The author found that several references summarised cities vulnerability to climate change as being due to ineffective or non-existent land use planning and underinvestment in infrastructure; low quality housing with poor disaster resistance; and low information and insufficient resources. Factors found to accelerate progress toward reducing vulnerability include: significant financial support; mainstreaming of climate change into urban planning and infrastructure development; flood control; and an upgrading of informal settlements.