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Brazil’s conception of South-South ‘structural cooperation in health’

South-South cooperation (or technical cooperation among developing countries), a foreign policy and international development promotion tool introduced in the late 1970s by the non-aligned countries, has steadily gained importance. In the 21st century, technical cooperation has gained a strategic place in Brazilian foreign policy, at the same time as health is recognised as a predominant theme on the national agenda for South-South cooperation. Globally, Brazil is also leading the way in forging closer relations between health and foreign policy. This paper discusses the Brazilian conception of ‘structural cooperation in health’, in the realm of South-South cooperation. After a brief theoretical review, it presents the Brazilian proposal formulated over the past decade and how it has developed to date.