An operational framework for Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development (TAMD)
This paper addresses the need for evaluative frameworks that assess the relative (or comparative) effectiveness of interventions that directly and/or indirectly address adaptation to climate change. Building on previous work, it further develops an evaluative framework, known as Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development (TAMD). TAMD differs from other assessment frameworks by emphasising the need to assess development interventions in the light of changing climate risks. This is to avoid missing effective interventions whose outcomes are obscured by increasing risks and vulnerability. The paper outlines the steps needed to apply the framework, providing guidance on how to put the concepts into practice. It also identifies specific indicators to addresses challenges in evaluating adaptation, including the need to establish baselines, how data can be collected, and how theories of change and empirical evidence can together help attribute outcomes to adaptation interventions.