Accountability arrangements to combat corruption: a note on research methodology for combating corruption
This document provides information about the research agenda and methods used to investigate corruption in the infrastructure sector. It presents a combination of qualitative and quantitative research techniques to analyse corruption in the infrastructure sector. This methodology was selected to allow contextual analysis of real life situations based on multiple sources of evidence and was piloted in South Africa, Nigeria, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Georgia, Ukraine and Nepal in 2005-2006.
The findings, reviews, country case studies, case surveys and practical tools provide evidence of how anti-corruption initiatives in infrastructure delivery can contribute to improving the lives of the urban poor. The main expected learning objectives of the research include an analysis of corruption in infrastructure delivery, including:
- an understanding of the causes of corruption and the effects of corruption on poor people’s livelihoods
- a review of accountability initiatives in infrastructure delivery
- the nature of the impact of greater accountability on pro-poor service delivery.
The paper starts with a description of the guiding principles of the study and then presents the research process, key learning objectives and the methodology. The final section includes the fieldwork process and suggestions on how to document the case.
The annex highlights the research instruments needed for this type of study.These include: a corruption diary; observation checklist; guide for focus group discussions; semi-structured interviews for infrastructure service providers and a household questionnaire.