Transport – South Asia
What’s in it for South Asia emphasizes the opportunities and co-benefits of low-carbon transport, with many of the measures to avoid greenhouse gas emissions providing generous gains in economic productivity, human development and quality of life. For example, the development of low-carbon mass transit systems can boost economic productivity, by reducing traffic congestion, and can improve air quality, thus benefiting public health.
A case study discussed in What’s in it for South Asia examines the Western Province in Sri Lanka, which is the most urbanised province in the country. The rapid urban growth has posed a number of problems, including increasing vehicle traffic and commercial industries which have contributed to increased environmental and air pollution. Meanwhile, the food and construction industries are identified as two major sources of greenhouse gas emissions, including those generated through transport.
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