Energy – South Asia
Renewable energy technologies have demonstrated substantial performance improvements and cost reductions, and a growing number of renewable energy technologies have matured enough to enable deployment at significant scale. Further scaling up renewable energy systems in South Asia would help expand access to energy for those in energy poverty.
According to What’s in it for South Asia, improvements in the performance and cost of renewable energy technologies are significant for South Asia, given the renewable energy resource endowment across the region and the need to scale up energy services to meet demand. Encouraged by developments, many countries across South Asia are investing heavily in new energy infrastructure as well as putting in place regulatory and policy measuresto persuade the private sector to invest in energy. Decentralised, renewable energy technologies, such as improved cook stoves, can markedly alleviate the workload and enhance the personal security of women and girls by improving air quality and respiratory and cardiac health. Meanwhile, decarbonising electricity production in India can reduce pollution-related mortality. Abandoning the use of biomass fuel or coal for indoor cooking and heating to improve indoor air quality and respiratory and cardiac health among, in particular, women and children in India.