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When disasters and conflicts collide: improving links between disaster resilience and conflict prevention

In recent years most of the people affected by natural disasters lived in fragile and conflict-affected states. This report focuses on the links between conditions of vulnerability and risks associated with the nexus of natural disasters, conflict and fragility. It recognises that any given context will be mired by an even more complex set of intersecting risks. For example, in 2011, drought, and food and political insecurity in east Africa led to a full-scale humanitarian crisis. The evidence base for the natural disasters-conflict interface is challenging: it is fragmented and contested, with a number of studies highlighting directly opposing lines of arguments. This suggests that the complexity of conflict and disaster dynamics can only be understood when grounded in specific contexts. The paper includes examples from disaster risk reduction in Afghanistan, resilience building in the Sahel region, community based risk reduction in Karamoja and national risk reduction in Nepal.