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The social dimensions of adaptation to climate change in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is one of the country’s most vulnerable to climate change which also has a very high population. The increasing risks from climate change, sea level rise, and natural and man-made hazards, such as cyclones, storm surge, flooding, land erosion, water logging, and salinity intrusion in soil and water, already have adversely affected livelihoods of people living in environmentally fragile areas. The objectives of this study are to identify the social and livelihood groups vulnerable to climate change or climate variability; understand capital asset transformation capability of the villagers in potential hotspots; recognize and categorize climate change related hazards facing people in those hotspots; identify a range of adaptation measures in practice; and understand villagers’ aspirations and concerns regarding reduction of vulnerability and improvement of livelihoods.