The Evidence of Benefits for Poor People of Increased Renewable Electricity Capacity: Literature Review
Lack of access to electricity is seen as a major constraint to economic growth and increased welfare in developing countries. In this report, the authors conducted a review of the evidence that investments in electricity-generating capacity have benefits for poor people, and what factors influence that relationship.
The review analyzes a large and diverse range of literature dealing with the poverty impacts of increased generation capacity. It begins by explaining a theory to break down the causal chain between additional renewable electricity generation capacity and poverty impacts in four stages or links. Thesea are formulated as four research questions:
- What is the link between increased renewable electricity capacity and higher availability and reliability of supply?
- What is the link between increased availability and reliability of electricity and actual connection and use by the poor?
- What is the link between electricity consumption and poverty impacts?
- What is the link between electricity consumption and economic growth at the macro level?