The Arab Spring and climate change: a climate and security correlations series
This volume outlines the complex pressures exerted by the effects of climate change on the events which swept through the Middle East in 2010 and 2011, exploring the long-term trends in precipitation, agriculture, food prices and migration which contributed to the social instability and violence which has transformed the region. The publication does not argue that climate change caused the revolutions, but the collection of essays suggest that the consequences of climate change are stressors that can ignite a volatile mix of underlying causes that erupt into revolution. The authors conclude that climate change has acted as a threat multiplier, exacerbating environmental, social, economic and political drivers of unrest and it will likely continue to do so in the Middle East and North Africa region. In this context, addressing the effects of climate change will be critical for ensuring the longer-term stability of the region and legitimacy of its respective governments.