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Strengthening agrobiodiversity: a key adaption strategy for Latin America’s mountain ecosystems

Increasing frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as droughts and frosts, is reducing agrobiodiversity in Latin American mountain regions due to the inability of plants, animals and entire ecosystems to adapt to unprecedented climatic variability. In turn, this is having negative impacts on agricultural production and food security. This Brief begins by describing the impacts of climate change on biodiversity and food production in Latin America’s mountainous areas. It then provides examples of how Latin Americans are capitalising on traditional and scientific knowledge to develop locally-appropriate initiatives, and finally, it identifies ongoing challenges for Latin America and describes key contextual factors that have facilitated development of climate change adaptation startegies to preserve and promote agrobiodiversity.