REDD+ Safeguards for Vietnam: Key Issues and the Way Forward
This brief discusses Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) safeguards in the context of Vietnam and makes recommendations for future action. It begins by outlining the Vietnamese context and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) defined REDD+ safeguards. It then goes on to discuss the achievements of Vietnam’s REDD+ programme to date, these include it’s: consultative approach to national programme; Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC); benefit distribution; participatory governance assessment and Participatory Carbon Monitoring (PCM). The brief concludes by arguing that three guiding principles which should be applied to the development of Vietnam’s REDD+ safeguards: flexibility and learning over time; national ownership, through the institutionalization of social and environmental safeguards; and an inclusive approach that includes a broad range of stakeholders, particularly vulnerable and marginalized groups.